Daily Vocabulary Dose by SSCtube (17-02-2018)
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Each time the Supreme Court feels impelled to remind khap panchayats and the society at large that they have no business interfering in the life choices of individuals regarding marriage and love, it is an implicit commentary on our times. The frequency with which one hears the court’s warnings against groups and individuals obstructing inter-faith or inter-caste relationships reaffirms the fact that the social milieu continues to be under the sway of the medieval-minded. The court’s latest observations that khap panchayats should not act as though they are conscience-keepers of society and that no one should interfere in relationships between adults came while it was hearing a writ petition seeking a ban on such community organisations and guidelines to put an end to “honour killings”. In 2011, the highest court termed such khaps “kangaroo courts”, declared them illegal and wanted them stamped out ruthlessly. Similar observations were made in other cases too, some of them in the context of “honour killings”. It is a grave misfortune that parents and self-appointed guardians of social mores continue to use coercion and harassment, and even resort to murderous violence, as a means to enforce their exclusionary and feudal prejudices. The recent murder of Ankit Saxena, a photographer who was in love with a Muslim girl, allegedly by members of her family, is one more extreme indication of families choosing the penal consequences of violence over the perceived dishonour caused by an inter-religious relationship. While the popular narrative situates community pride as a source of unconscionable violence in rural India, such murders are a reality in cities and among educated and presumably socially advanced sections too.
The other dimension is that these khap organisations in north India seek to enforce age-old taboos such as the prohibition on sagothra marriages among Hindus. Their grouse is that the present law on Hindu marriage allows sapindarelationships up to a particular degree; they would prefer a limitless bar on any degree of such relationship in lineal ascendancy, which would prevent any marriage with one presumed to be descended from an ancestor belonging to the same gothra . Such views can only be eradicated with a change in social attitudes. The Law Commission in 2012 prepared a draft bill to prohibit interference in marriage alliances. Key provisions that seek to address the problem of khap panchayats in this draft say such informal groups would be treated as an ‘unlawful assembly’ and decisions that amount to harassment, social boycott, discrimination or incitement to violence should be punishable with a minimum sentence. Whether the solution is social transformation or legislative change, high-handed mediation or interference should brook no sympathy.
- Impelled: drive, force, or urge (someone) to do something. कुछ करने के लिए (किसी को) आग्रह
Synonyms: force, compel, constrain
Antonyms: end, discourage, dissuade
Financial difficulties impelled him to desperate measures.
- Implicit: suggested though not directly expressed. अंतर्निहित
Synonyms: implied, indirect, inferred
Antonyms: explicit, direct
The comments are seen as implicit criticism of the policies.
- Resort to: the action of resorting to a course of action in a difficult situation. का सहारा
Synonyms: recourse to, turning to, the use of
Antonyms: conceal, deny, dissuade
Germany and Italy tried to resolve their economic and social failures by resort to fascism.
- Feudal: absurdly outdated or old-fashioned. सामंती
Synonyms: antique, archaic, old-fashioned
Antonyms: modern, new, present
His view of patriotism was more than old-fashioned—it was positively feudal.
- Prejudice: give rise to prejudice in (someone); make biased. पक्षपात
Synonyms: bias, influence, predispose
Antonyms: fairness, good-will, impartiality
The statement might prejudice the jury.
- Perceived: become aware or conscious of (something); come to realize or understand. समझना
Synonyms: discern, recognize, become cognizant of
Antonyms: disbelieve, misunderstand, ignore
His mouth fell open as he perceived the truth.
- Unconscionable: not right or reasonable. बेशरम
Synonyms: unethical, immoral, indefensible
Antonyms: ethical, acceptable
Shareholders have had to wait an unconscionable time for the facts to be established.
- Grouse: complain about something trivial; grumble. किसी के बारे में शिकायत करना
Synonyms: grumble, complain, protest
Antonyms: compliment, praise, flattery
She heard him grousing about his assistant.
- Eradicate: destroy completely; put an end to. उन्मूलन
Synonyms: get rid of, eliminate, do away with
Antonyms: create, construct, set up
This disease has been eradicated from the world.
- Incitement: the action of provoking unlawful behaviour or urging someone to behave unlawfully. गैरकानूनी व्यवहार को उत्तेजित करने की कार्रवाई
Synonyms: urging, goading, spurring on
Antonyms: suppression, discouragement
This amounted to an incitement to commit murder.