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Daily Vocabulary Dose by SSCtube (29-01-2018)

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Daily Vocabulary Dose by SSCtube (29-01-2018)

Start learning most frequently asked words in SSC Exams through Daily Vocabulary Dose provided by SSCtube.


The Indian and Pakistani National Security Advisers, Ajit Doval and Nasser Khan Janjua, had met in Bangkok to work on the modalities for the way forward, so we can presume that the Pakistani Army was more or less on board. So when Mr. Sharif suggested to Mr. Modi, who had called from Kabul, that he drop by, Mr. Modi let himself be persuaded. It was so last-minute that officials had to scramble to find an appropriate gift, and in the end Mr. Modi landed in Lahore bearing the message of peace.

Two years later, by permitting naval commander Kulbhushan Jadhav’s mother and wife to visit him in Islamabad on December 25, Pakistan’s deep state was signalling that New Delhi should consider this a return gift. But that message of peace was torn to shreds in that metal container with a glass panel where India and Pakistan conducted fishbowl diplomacy. The rules of engagement need to be rewritten yet again, this time in a way that insulates bilateral relations from the vagaries of Pakistan’s internal politics.

Was the outcome of Jadhav family reunion, with a disrupted conversation and the visitors’ accessories confiscated, a failure of anticipation? Consider the circumstances. There has been a downturn in relations with Pakistan in every sphere, against the backdrop of another domestic political upheaval that dislodged Mr. Sharif from the Prime Minister’s post. External Affairs Minister Sushma Swaraj informed Parliament that what eventually happened in the Pakistan Foreign Office when Jadhav’s wife and mother were allowed to briefly interact with him in highly restrictive circumstances was a “departure from the agreed understandings between the two countries in the conduct of this meeting.” The Ministry of External Affairs also declared that “prior to the meeting, the two governments were in touch through diplomatic channels to work out the modalities and format. There were clear understandings…”

There is still not enough detail in the public domain on what exactly were these modalities and understandings that had been worked out diplomatically and how much ambiguity was inherent in the resultant format for either side to interpret.

The question is: at the end of this bruising diplomacy, who is likely to walk away smelling more of roses? And certainly, it is not clear how all this has helped Mr. Jadhav’s condition or eventual fate, whatever conclusion the International Court of Justice may or may not reach. From the debriefing the Ministry of External affairs got from his mother and wife, it appeared to them that the alleged spy was “under considerable stress and was speaking in an atmosphere of coercion.” Moreover, his appearance had also raised questions of his health and well-being.

Vocab Dose

  1. Modalities: a particular mode in which something exists or is experienced or expressed. रूपात्मकता
    Synonyms: method, procedure, manner
    Antonyms: disorganization, break, difference
    The harmony had a touch of modality.
  2. Presume: take for granted that something exists or is the case. मानना
    Synonyms: assume, suppose, imagine, guess

    Antonyms: calculate, disbelieve, doubt
    I presumed that the man had been escorted from the building.
  3. Persuade: induce (someone) to do something through reasoning or argument. राज़ी करना
    Synonyms: convince, make, induce

    Antonyms: discourage, dissuade, deter
    It wasn’t easy, but I persuaded him to do the right thing.
  4. Scramble: perform (an action) or achieve (a result) hurriedly, clumsily, or with difficulty. संघर्ष
    Synonyms: scuffle, tussle, battle, struggle

    Antonyms: peace, order
    Cork scrambled a 1–0 win over Monaghan.
  5. Vagaries: an unexpected and inexplicable change in a situation or in someone’s behaviour. अनियमितता
    Synonyms: quirk, peculiarity, oddity

    Antonyms: regular, consistent
    The vagaries of the weather destroyed the crop.
  6. Confiscated: take or seize (someone’s property) with authority. जब्त कर लिया
    Synonyms: impound, seize, annex

    Antonyms: return
    The guards confiscated his camera.
  7. Anticipation: the action of anticipating something; expectation or prediction. प्रत्याशा
    Synonyms: expectation, prediction, forecast

    Antonyms: ignorance, amazement, fear
    Her eyes were sparkled with anticipation.
  8. Upheaval: a violent or sudden change or disruption to something. उथल-पुथल
    Synonyms: disruption, disturbance, turbulence

    Antonyms: stability, tranquility
    There were major upheavals in the financial markets.
  9. Ambiguity: the quality of being open to more than one interpretation; inexactness. अस्पष्टता
    Synonyms: ambivalence, equivocation

    Antonyms: unambiguousness, transparency
    We can detect no ambiguity in this section of the Act.
  10. Coercion: the action or practice of persuading someone to do something by using force or threats.  किसी को बल या धमकियों का उपयोग करके कुछ करने के लिए प्रेरक
    Synonyms: force, compulsion, constraint
    Antonyms: persuasion
    It wasn’t slavery because no coercion was used.

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