Daily Vocabulary Dose by SSCtube (26-01-2018)
Start learning most frequently asked words in SSC Exams through Daily Vocabulary Dose provided by SSCtube.
This week India will host heads of state or government of all 10 nations of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) for the Republic Day celebrations in a dramatic declaration of intent by New Delhi to boost India’s ties with Southeast Asia. The year 2017 was an important landmark as India and the ASEAN commemorated 25 years of their partnership, 15 years of summit-level interaction, and five years of strategic partnership. The challenge now is to map out next steps in the India-ASEAN partnership at this time of unprecedented geopolitical flux in the wider Indo-Pacific.
There has been a sense of disillusionment on both sides about the present state of play in the relationship. While the ASEAN member states have been disappointed that India continues to punch below its weight in the region, New Delhi’s expectations regarding a more robust support for its regional outreach too have not been met. India’s capacity to provide development assistance, market access and security guarantees remains limited and ASEAN’s inclination to harness New Delhi for regional stability remains circumscribed by its sensitivities to other powers. The interests and expectations of the two sides remain far from aligned, preventing them from having candid conversations and realistic assessments.
India’s interest in ASEAN as a multilateral forum remains lacklustre as it continues to privilege bilateral partnerships to further its own interests. As New Delhi’s gaze shifts to the Bay of Bengal, Myanmar and Thailand have emerged as key players in its southeastern outreach. The hope is to use these nations as a bridge to ASEAN. The temptation to prioritise these countries over others in ASEAN may also prevent others from looking at India as a regional stakeholder. New Delhi is signalling, perhaps inadvertently, that it is more interested in becoming a member of various regional organisations because of global power credentials even when its substantive engagement with such platforms remains limited.
It is important for India and ASEAN to chart out a more operational, though modest, agenda for future cooperation. The three Cs of commerce, connectivity and culture have been highlighted but a more granular perspective is needed in terms of a forging a forward-looking approach. There is no getting away from enhancing trade and economic linkages between India and ASEAN.
While India and the ASEAN have been very ambitious in articulating the potential of their partnership, they have been much less effective in operationalising their ideas. The need now is to focus on functional cooperation and make the idea of an India-ASEAN partnership more exciting.
- Dramatic: (of an event or circumstance) sudden and striking. नाटकीय
Synonyms: considerable, substantial, pronounced
Antonyms: ineffective, unexciting
The was a dramatic increase in recorded crime.
- Disillusionment: a feeling of disappointment resulting from the discovery that something is not as good as one believed it to be. मोहभंग
Synonyms: adversity, discontent, dissatisfaction
Antonyms: achievement, attainment, boon
The high abstention rate at the election reflected the voters’ growing disillusionment with politics.
- Robust: strong and healthy; vigorous. मजबूत
Synonyms: strong, vigorous, sturdy
Antonyms: fragile, incapable, lethargic
His family is very robust.
- Harness: control and make use of (natural resources), especially to produce energy. प्रयासों को बढ़ावा
Synonyms: control, exploit, utilize
Antonyms: underuse, unfairness
The government is promoting attempts to harness solar energy.
- Candid: truthful and straightforward; frank. खरा
Synonyms: frank, outspoken, blunt
Antonyms: secretive, guarded
His responses were remarkably candid.
- Lacklustre: lacking in vitality, force, or conviction; uninspired or uninspiring. मंद
Synonyms: uninspired, dull, lifeless
Antonyms: inspired, brilliant
No excuses were made for the team’s lacklustre performance.
- Inadvertently: without intention; accidentally. अनजाने में
Synonyms: accidentally, unintentionally
His name had been inadvertently omitted from the list.
- Modest: unassuming in the estimation of one’s abilities or achievements. मामूली
Synonyms: humble, unpretentious
Antonyms: boastful, conceited
He was a very modest man, refusing to take any credit for the enterprise.
- Forging: make or shape (a metal object) by heating it in a fire or furnace and hammering it. बनाना
Synonyms: found, cast, mould
Antonyms: destroy, ruin
He forged a great suit of black armour.
- Ambitious: having or showing a strong desire and determination to succeed. महत्त्वाकांक्षी
Synonyms: aspiring, determined
Antonyms: unambitious, lazy
He is a ruthlessly ambitious man.