Daily Vocabulary Dose by SSCtube (23-01-2018)
Start learning most frequently asked words in SSC Exams through Daily Vocabulary Dose provided by SSCtube.
It is rather disturbing to find Twitterati frame the refusal of Jignesh Mevani, a newly elected Member of the Gujarat Legislative Assembly, to speak to a section of media in Chennai last week as a freedom of press debate. Mr. Mevani had taken objection to the presence of Republic TV’s microphone at the event. Dawood Mian Khan, founder of the Quaide Milleth International Academy of Media Studies and the host of the event, and Nityanand Jayaraman, a Chennai-based activist — in a press release and an article for the news website, thewire.in, respectively — explained the sequence of events and established clearly that it was not a press conference but an impromptu interaction.
In July 1988, Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi introduced a defamation bill that sought to create new offences of “criminal imputation” and “scurrilous writings”. As a young reporter, I was a part of the nationwide agitation that forced the government to withdraw the bill. Later, I played a role against the Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly’s decision to invoke an uncodified privilege to punish journalists. This personal note is in anticipation of questions indulging in what aboutery. As a journalist, I not only cherish the freedom of the press but I am also committed to protecting it from multiple assaults. However, my notion of press freedom does not circumscribe all other freedoms.
I learnt about fairness in journalism from Aidan White of the Ethical Journalism Network. He makes an important distinction between free expression and journalism: “Journalism is not free expression, it is a constrained expression — you can’t just say whatever you want to say.” According to him, good journalism is guided by truth, independence, impartiality, accountability, and humanity.
Journalistic freedom is inextricably and inalienably linked to good practices and it has no space for any kind of witch-hunt or targeted slander. How do we understand some of the prime-time television programmes nowadays? Do they uphold any of the principles of journalism? Can we call gladiatorial sport, which is designed to draw blood rather than hold those in power accountable, journalism, and accord all the privileges that are inherent to a free press to it? Can a channel that advocates the abrogation of others’ freedom invoke the freedom of press argument when someone chooses not to speak to it? What happens to the rights of individuals, including of political activists, to choose who they don’t want to talk to and avoid in their private space? Is it right to invoke the rules of a press meet, which has to be open and non-discriminatory across media houses and platforms, to an informal discussion forum?
- Impromptu: done without being planned or rehearsed. बिना पहले सोचे हुए
Synonyms: unprepared, unscripted, unrehearsed
Antonyms: deliberate, planned
The minister called an impromptu press conference.
- Defamation: the action of damaging the good reputation of someone. मानहानि
Synonyms: libel, slander, vitification
Antonyms: compliment, flattery, praise
She sued him for defamation.
- Imputation: to blame or to accuse. इलज़ाम
Synonyms: accusation, allegation
Antonyms: praise, compliment
He imputated her for all the wrongdoings.
- Scurrilous: making or spreading scandalous claims about someone with the intention of damaging their reputation. मिथ्या
Synonyms: offensive, abusive, derogatory
Antonyms: decent, pure, upright
It is a scurrilous attack on his integrity.
- Circumscribed: restrict (something) within limits. घिरा
Synonyms: restrict, limit, curb
Antonyms: allow, free, let go
The minister’s powers are circumscribed both by tradition and the organization of local government.
- Constrained: compel or force (someone) to follow a particular course of action. विवश
Synonyms: compel, force, coerce
Antonyms: allow, permit
The children are constrained to work in the way the book dictates.
- Inextricably: in a way that is impossible to disentangle or separate. अलंघनीय
Synonyms: inseparable, inevitably
Antonyms: differently, separately
For many top executives, golf and business are inextricably linked.
- Inalienably: not subject to being taken away from or given away by the possessor. अविच्छेद्य
Synonyms: inviolable, absolute, sacrosanct
Antonyms: acquired, changeable, alienable
The shareholders have the inalienable right to dismiss directors.
- Inherent: existing in something as a permanent, essential, or characteristic attribute. निहित
Synonyms: intrinsic, innate, in-built
Antonyms: acquired, alien
Any form of mountaineering has its inherent dangers.
- Abrogation: the repeal or abolition of a law, right, or agreement. उत्तरदायी
Synonyms: revocation, repeal, cancellation
The old laws are being reviewed for abrogation.