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Daily Vocabulary Dose by SSCtube (15-01-2018)

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Daily Vocabulary Dose by SSCtube (15-01-2018)

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It is a great misfortune that an internal rift has moved inexorably towards a full-blown crisis.

It is a development that is both momentous and unfortunate. The press conference held by four senior judges of the Supreme Court has exposed an unprecedented level of dissension in the top echelons of the judiciary. It is regrettable that the banner of revolt has been raised in such a public way against the Chief Justice of India, Dipak Misra. Regardless of who is right in the current dispute over the administrative functioning of the CJI, the reverberations of what took place on Friday will not easily subside and will be felt for a long time to come. There was ample evidence over the last few months that the highest court was in a state of ferment; the question is whether it could have been handled internally rather than be dragged into the open like this. They have added for good measure that cases with far-reaching consequences for the nation and the institution are being assigned to junior judges and Benches “of their preferences”, a suggestion that is being read by some as an ominous reference to an unknown external hand. It ought to be underscored here that the Chief Justice is indeed the master of the roster; even the four judges concede that this is a well-settled law, one that is reflected in a Constitution Bench judgment in 1998. While accepting the rule that the Chief Justice alone can decide the composition of Benches and allot judicial work, they allege that Justice Misra is departing so far from set conventions that it would have “unpleasant and undesirable consequences”, ultimately casting a doubt on the integrity of the institution itself. Logically, this is an internal matter of the judiciary, one that is best settled through deliberations in a full court meeting of all the Supreme Court judges themselves.

While there is no questioning who has the power to determine the roster, what the four judges are essentially questioning is how this power has been exercised. Judicial work is primarily allocated based on a roster, and individual cases are allotted to Benches based on the category under which they fall. Once the roster is fixed, the CJI should ordinarily see that it is duly followed. Exceptions must be rare, and that too only for compelling reasons. While it is not clear in how many cases such exceptions were made, the four judges seem to have had an issue over the petition that sought an inquiry into the death of special CBI judge B.H. Loya in 2014 being posted before a particular Bench. The deceased judge was hearing the Sohrabuddin ‘fake encounter’ case, in which BJP president Amit Shah was an accused but later discharged. Given the political sensitivity of the matter, the concern expressed over this case is something that must be squarely addressed in a way that dispels any misgivings.

As for the government of the day, it must stay steadfastly away from the internal conflict in the judiciary — something that it has professed it will do. Rather than be inexplicably silent, it must disclose its position on the Memorandum of Procedure for judicial appointments and communicate this clearly to the Supreme Court. Rather than brush away the concerns of the four judges, the Chief Justice must convene a meeting of the full court and give them a patient and careful hearing. Disapproval of the form of their protest must not cloud the substance of their grievances. That four senior Supreme Court judges could have been pushed to take such a drastic and unprecedented step suggests that the differences were allowed to fester and divisions allowed to run deep. Also, that they believed, rightly or otherwise, that their options of settling their differences internally were exhausted. It is best that there is no more airing of differences in public and that this incident is regarded by posterity as an aberration rather than a precedent. About a year ago, the nation was discomfited that the executive and the judiciary were publicly, and often very strongly, disagreeing over judicial appointments. An internal rift in the judiciary is far more serious.

Vocab Dose

  1. Inexorably:   in a way that is impossible to stop or prevent. जिसे रोका ना जा सके
    Synonyms: fiercely, mercilessly, ruthlesslyAntonyms: gently, kindly, humanely.

    The crisis is moving inexorably towards war.


  1. Unprecedented: never done or known before. जो पहले कभी ना हुआ हो
    Synonyms: unusual, new, uniqueAntonyms: common, customary, familiar

    The government took the unprecedented step of releasing confidential correspondence.


  1. Dissension: disagreement that leads to discord. कलहSynonyms: controversy, disagreement, discordAntonyms: agreement, peace, harmony

    These issues caused bitter dissension in the party.


  1. Echelons: a level or rank in an organization, a profession, or society. किसी संस्था या पेशे मे पदSynonyms: degree, position, rankHe reached the upper echelons of government.


  1. Ferment: incite or stir up (trouble or disorder) मुसीबत को बढ़ाना
    Synonyms: stir up, increasing problemAntonyms: calm, contentedness, peace

    The politicians and warlords who are fermenting this chaos.


  1. Ominous: giving the worrying impression that something bad is going to happen; threateningly inauspicious. अमंगल
    Synonyms: threatening, menacing, baleful, inauspiciousAntonyms: promising, auspicious, propitious

    There were ominous dark clouds gathering overhead.


  1. Concede: admit or agree that something is true after first denying or resisting it. स्वीकार करना
    Synonyms: admit, acknowledge, acceptAntonyms: defend, deny, refuse

    I had to concede that I’d overreacted.


  1. Compelling: not able to be refuted; inspiring conviction. सम्मोहकSynonyms: forcible, irresistible, imperativeAntonyms: discretional, optional, elective

    There is compelling evidence that the recession is ending.

  1. Dispel: make (a doubt, feeling, or belief) disappear. दूर हो जाना
    Synonyms: banish, eliminate, dismissAntonyms: collect, allow, keep

    The brightness of the day did nothing to dispel Ram’s dejection.


  1. Inexplicably: in a way that cannot be explained or accounted for. बेवजह
    Synonyms: peculiarly, strangely, unusuallyAntonyms: understandable

    Many crucial documents had inexplicably disappeared.

  2. Aberration: a departure from what is normal, usual, or expected, typically an unwelcome one. विपथन
    Synonyms: deviation, divergence, variationAntonyms: regularity, conformity, sameness

    They described the outbreak of violence in the area as an aberration.

  3. Discomfited: make (someone) feel uneasy or embarrassed. शर्मशार महसूस कराना
    Synonyms: embarrass, discomfort, disconcert,Antonyms: reassure, soothe, appease

    He was not noticeably discomfited by her tone.


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