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Daily Vocabulary Dose by SSCtube (17-01-2018)

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Daily Vocabulary Dose by SSCtube (17-01-2018)

Start learning most frequently asked words in SSC Exams through Daily Vocabulary Dose provided by SSCtube.

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On May 7, 1997, the full bench of the Supreme Court adopted the document, Restatement of Values of Judicial Life. It emphasises that: “Justice must not merely be done but it must also be seen to be done… ; a judge should practice a degree of aloofness consistent with the dignity of his office; a judge shall not hear and decide a matter in which a member of his family, a close relation or a friend is concerned; every judge must at all times be conscious that he is under the public gaze and there should be no act or omission by him which is unbecoming of the high office he occupies and the public esteem in which that office is held.”

It is also said certain political leaders visit judges at their residences regularly. This raises a serious question about their relationship with those leaders. Should such judges hear and decide matters that have direct or indirect connection with such persons, their political parties and ideologies? If the SC’s statement of values requires judges to maintain a degree of aloofness consistent with the dignity of office and prohibits the judge from hearing and deciding a matter in which a friend is concerned, then that is the end of it.

The CJI must carefully mark the matters, if at all he must do so personally, and be conscious of such relationships. He must require his colleagues to disclose the same in advance to help him use his administrative discretion justly. If this is missed out, the judge himself must disclose when the matter is placed before him and recuse. Unfortunately, judges have stopped doing this in the recent past. There have been instances when politicians who figure in cases are seen in social occasions with sitting judges. That has to be factored in while allocating cases to them and these judges need to recuse themselves.

On January 12, 2010, the Court transferred the investigation to the CBI directing, “The CBI authorities shall investigate all aspects of the case relating to the killing of Sohrabuddin and his wife Kausarbi including the alleged possibility of a larger conspiracy”. Subsequently, on April 8, 2011, the SC directed that the case related to the killing of Tulsiram Prajapati be also handed over to CBI.

However, Shah, among others, was discharged. According to reports, Judge J.T. Utpat had on June 6, 2014, declined Shah’s application for exemption from appearance and fixed the matter on June 20 when again he failed to appear. The matter was adjourned to June 26. But on June 25, 2014, the administrative committee headed by Chief Justice Mohit Shah of Bombay High Court, transferred Judge Utpat. Subsequently Judge Loya took charge and on October 31, 2014, he had enquired as to why Shah was not present in court, though exempted, as he was in Mumbai and fixed the date on December 15, 2014. Judge Loya, unfortunately, died on the night of November 30, 2014 at Nagpur. His successor, Justice M.B. Gosavi, discharged Shah on December 30, 2014.

The CBI did not challenge the said order. Rubabuddin appealed but withdrew it. Harsh Mander, an activist, filed an application in the Bombay HC which was dismissed. A special leave petition filed before the SC was dismissed on August 1, 2016.

The CBI’s FIR records that Bishwanath Agarwala of Bhubaneswar claimed close contact with “senior relevant public functionaries and assured that he would get the matter favourably settled demanding huge gratification for inducing the public servants by corrupt and illegal means in lieu of the aforesaid help”.

The issue is not that other honourable judges are not trustworthy but does the CJI think that senior judges are not worthy of trust to be assigned important and sensitive matters?

Vocab Dose

  1. Aloofness:  the quality or state of being aloof, distant, or reserved; indifference. दुराव
    Synonyms:  remoteness, indifference, withdrawness
    Antonyms: sympathy

    His girlfriend’s recent aloofness may be a sign that the relationship is over.

  2. Gaze: to look steadily and intently, as with great curiosity, interest, pleasure, or wonder. टकटकी
    Synonyms: glaring, look, peep
    Antonyms: ignorance

    I found him gazing at me.

  3. Esteem: to regard highly or favorably; regard with respect or admiration. आदर
    Synonyms: admire, appreciate, cherish
    Antonyms: abandon, condemn, denounce

    I esteem him for his honesty.

  4. Discretion: the power or right to decide or act according to one’s own judgment; freedom of judgment or choice. विवेक
    Synonyms: wisdom, acumen, calculation
    Antonyms: disregard, indiscretion, negligence

    It is entirely within my discretion whether I will go or stay.

  5. Recuse: to reject or challenge as disqualified to act, especially because of interest or bias. विशेष रूप से कार्य करने के लिए अयोग्य घोषित करने या अस्वीकार करने के लिए
    Synonyms: disqualify, reject
    Antonyms: qualify, accept

    He was recused when he referred to the corporation as ‘a bunch of villains’.

  6. Alleged: declared or stated to be as described; asserted. कथित तौर पर
    Synonyms: purported, stated, declared
    Antonyms: certain, definite, sure

    The alleged murderer could not be located for questioning.

  7. Conspiracy: a combination of persons for a secret, unlawful, or evil purpose. साजिश
    Synonyms: confederacy, disloyalty, hook upAntonyms: faithfulness, ignorance, honesty

    He joined the conspiracy to overthrow the government.

  8. Adjourned: to defer or postpone to a later time. स्थगित
    Synonyms: defer, recess, postpone
    Antonyms: expedite, continue, convene

    They adjourned the meeting until the following Monday.

  9. Dismissed: to direct (an assembly of persons) to disperse or go. खारिज
    Synonyms: disband, dissolve, expand
    Antonyms: accept, allow, permit

    I dismissed the class early.

  10. Gratification:  something that gratifies; source of pleasure or satisfaction. संतुष्टि
    Synonyms: enjoyment, fulfillment, pleasure
    Antonyms: dissatisfaction, sadness, woe

    He was very gratified when he saw her.

 

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