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Daily Vocabulary Dose by SSCtube (19-01-2018)

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Daily Vocabulary Dose by SSCtube (19-01-2018)

Start learning most frequently asked words in SSC Exams through Daily Vocabulary Dose provided by SSCtube.

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2018 will be a historic year for Indian education policy. The Kasturirangan Committee will release the New Education Policy, outlining the principles, policies and, perhaps, specific programmes and pilots that will guide education delivery in the country. This year will also usher in a new era of evidence-based education policy discussions and debates, based on systematic annual assessments. The latter, to my mind, can permanently change the nature of the discourse on education policy in the country. It will reduce the influence of anecdotes and ideologies and compel people to confront the reality on the ground.

Beginning in 2018, we will have systemic data on learning levels at the national and state level gathered by governments and non-government organisations and will be able to overlay these with the more robust data on inputs and resources. A much-improved National Achievement Survey (NAS) was conducted in November of 2017 and the results will be out in early 2018. However, from now on, instead of being a sporadic assessment, it will be a regular annual assessment.

The recently amended RTE Rules require each state to formulate grade-level learning outcomes and ensure that they are achieved. States have adopted some variation of the NCERT-suggested learning standards and several states have already started their own assessments. Delhi’s Chunauti scheme, in fact, is a trailblazer, starting assessments in 2014 with upper-primary classes and now extending it to primary classes to ensure basic reading and math competencies.

To understand the dynamics of learning outcomes with resource inputs, we will now have a more rigorous DISE data that includes details of school infrastructure, students and teachers across all types of schools in the country. The Aadhaar linkage with students and teachers are giving us more accurate data on student enrolment as well as school staff. Kerala and Haryana have found several lakh “ghost” students and recently the MHRD found about 80,000 “ghost” teachers. The government is also working on improving the quality and depth of education budget data. In 2018, we will have far more accurate and more nuanced understanding of the various resources devoted to education by all levels of governments.

However, for this goldmine of input and outcome data to have a meaningful impact, all of this data (public and private) must be available in the public domain in formats that are amenable to analysis by state and non-state actors. This is an opportunity for the prime minister and the MHRD minister to fulfil the government’s commitment to open data. An open data platform for education will help open ideological blindfolds and bring convergence on some of the most critical debates in our education policy.

Vocab Dose

  1. Usher:   show or guide (someone) somewhere. उपशिक्षक
    Synonyms:  escort, accompany, assist
    Antonyms: follow, trail
    A waiter ushered me to a table.
  2. Discourse: written or spoken communication or debate. प्रवचन
    Synonyms: discussion, conversation, dialogue
    Antonyms: quiet, silence
    There was a long discourse on the new education policy.
  3. Anecdotes: a short amusing or interesting story about a real incident or person. उपाख्यानों
    Synonyms: story, tale, narrative
    Antonyms: annals, biography, chronicle, history, memoir
    He told anecdotes about his job.
  4. Confront: come face to face with (someone) with hostile or argumentative intent. सामना करना
    Synonyms: challenge, resist, defy, oppose
    Antonyms: avoid, evade, surrender
    300 policemen confronted an equal number of union supporters.
  5. Robust: strong and healthy; vigorous. मजबूत
    Synonyms: strong, vigorous, sturdy, powerful
    Antonyms: fragile, incapable, lethargic, weak
    The Caplan family are a robust lot.
  6. Sporadic: occurring at irregular intervals or only in a few places; scattered or isolated. कभी कभी होने वाला
    Synonyms: occasional, irregular, periodical
    Antonyms: frequent, regular, continuous
    A sporadic fighting broke out between the villagers.
  7. Trailblazer: a person who is the first to do something; an innovator. एक व्यक्ति जो कुछ करने वाला पहला व्यक्ति है; एक प्रर्वतक
    Synonyms: creator, discoverer, innovator
    Antonyms: destroyer
    He was a trailblazer for many ideas that are now standard fare.
  8. Rigorous: extremely thorough and careful. कठिन
    Synonyms: meticulous, diligent, pain staking
    Antonyms: lax, gentle, mild
    There was a rigorous testing of consumer products.
  9. Nuanced: characterized by subtle shades of meaning or expression. अर्थ या अभिव्यक्ति के सूक्ष्म रंगों की विशेषता
    Synonyms: interesting, growing
    Antonyms: falling
    Lowe’s work has gradually grown more nuanced.
  10. Amenable:  open and responsive to suggestion; easily persuaded or controlled. उत्तरदायी
    Synonyms: compliant, manageable, controllable
    Antonyms: uncooperative, resistive
    The parents who have amenable children are lucky.

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