Daily Vocabulary Dose by SSCtube (20-01-2018)
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An unprecedented event took place on January 12 when the four senior-most judges of the Supreme Court, after the Chief Justice of India (CJI), held a press conference, issued a statement, and also answered questions from the media. Justice J. Chelameswar, at whose residence the press conference was held, said that the judges were “left with no choice” other than to communicate to the nation the many “less than desirable things” that have happened “in the last few months”.
They said in their statement that “certain judicial orders passed by this court” have “adversely affected the overall functioning of the justice delivery system.” Justice Chelameswar said that all four of them are “convinced that unless this institution is preserved and it maintains its equanimity, democracy will not survive in this country.”
The four judges have an impeccable record of integrity, erudition, and impartiality. They felt that it was necessary to inform the nation about the lack of impartiality by the CJI in the process of administration of justice. They further said that they did not want the country 20 years from now to think that they had “sold their souls”.
From a plain reading of their statement and their replies to questions at the press conference, it is clear that they issued the statement as a last resort, with deep anguish, in order to save democracy and the Supreme Court. They had no option but to address the nation and inform its citizens about the lack of impartiality, which is the bedrock of administration of justice.
The four judges were absolutely right in informing the public of the dangers that lie ahead. Democracy is enshrined in the Constitution. It is their duty as Supreme Court judges to protect the Constitution. If there is no democracy, there is no Constitution and no constitutional democracy.
It is not as if the four judges did not try for months to convince the CJI that he must not resort to selectivity in the assignment of cases, but it bore no results. Even on the day of the press conference, they met the CJI (in regard to the listing of cases) but could not convince him. Unless this lack of impartiality in the administration of justice is enquired into, and unless rules are framed on a rational basis and a system is devised for an impartial allocation of cases, the damaged faith of the people of India in the impartiality of the Supreme Court will not be fully restored.
It was expected of the Attorney General of India as a constitutional authority to squarely confront the serious issues raised by the four judges and ensure that the faith of the people in the independence and impartiality of judges is restored. Needless to say, that independence and impartiality form the basic structure of the Constitution.
This is an opportunity for the Attorney General to save the Constitution. He should not act as an agent of the government, but as a constitutional authority. Equally, it is his constitutional duty to squarely attend to the vital issues raised by the four judges in discussion with the CJI and all other judges of the Supreme Court to find a solution that will restore the dignity of the Supreme Court.
- Unprecedented: never done or known before. अभूतपूर्व
Synonyms: unparalled, extra ordinary, uncommon, unique
Antonyms: common, customary, familiar
The government took the unprecedented step of releasing confidential correspondence.
- Equanimity: calmness and composure, especially in a difficult situation. समभाव
Synonyms: calmness, serenity, tranquility
Antonyms: agitation, distrust, frustration
She accepted both the good and the bad with equanimity.
- Erudition: the quality of having or showing great knowledge or learning; scholarship. पांडित्य
Synonyms: knowledge, education, intellect
Antonyms: ignorance, neglect
He was known for his wit, erudition, and teaching skills.
- Impartiality: equal treatment of all rivals or disputants; fairness. निष्पक्षता
Synonyms: equity, fairness, neutrality
Antonyms: biased, unfairness
The entries had to be submitted under a pseudonym to ensure impartiality in the judging process.
- As a last resort: before anything else is attempted (or when all else has failed). एक अंतिम उपाय के रूप में
Synonyms: as a last means, final
Antonyms: beginning, as a means of start
The soldiers had orders not to shoot except as a last resort to save human life.
- Anguish: severe mental or physical pain or suffering. पीड़ा
Synonyms: agony, pain, torture
Antonyms: happiness, contentment
She shut her eyes in anguish.
- Enshrined: preserve (a right, tradition, or idea) in a form that ensures it will be protected and respected. प्रतिष्ठापित
Synonyms: manifest, incorporate, include
Antonyms: condemn, defile, disrespect
The fundamental rights should be enshrined in the treaty.
- Enquired: ask for information from someone. पूछना
Synonyms: ask, request information
Antonyms: ignore, neglect
He enquired about cottages for sale.
- Devised: plan or invent (a complex procedure, system, or mechanism) by careful thought. तैयार
Synonyms: arrange, construct, discover
Antonyms: destroy, disorganize, ruin
A training programme should be devised.
- Dignity: the state or quality of being worthy of honour or respect. गौरव
Synonyms: status, honour, glory
Antonyms: dishonor, low rank
He is a man of dignity.